From Ernest Hemingway's famous short story to the classic John Wayne film hatari, Kilimanjaro has always held a unique place in both the Western and African psyche.
~There, ahead, all he could see, as wide as all the world, great, high, and unbelievable white in the sun, was the square top of kilimanjaro~
"Ernest Hemingway, The snows of Kilimanjaro".
Kilimanjaro is the biggest free standing mountain in the world, in that it is not connected to other peaks in a range.
Because of its proximity to both the equator and Indian Ocean, and because of its tremendous height, kilimanjaro boasts five major ecological zones, each of which occupy about 1000 meters of altitude. From the lower slopes (800-1800meter), Montane forest zone (1800-2700meter) Health and moorland zone (2700-4000 meters) Alpine desert zone(4000-5000 meters) and the summit zone (5000-5895meters). Each is a unique world in itself, with unique flora and fauna found few other places in Africa.